Tirumala wears a festive look virtually round the year with innumerable festivals, small and big, celebrated from time to time. Brahmotsavam, the most spectacular of them all, is conducted during the month of Ashweejam / Kanya, corresponding to September-October.
A few days before the colorful nine-day festival, the temple of Lord Venkateswara goes through the cleaning process, known as Aalaya suddhi or Koil Alwar Tirumanjanam. The entire hill surroundings are spring-cleaned and tastefully decorated and illuminated. On the eve of the festival, the Lord’s commander-in-chief Vishvaksena goes in a procession around the four Mada Streets surrounding the temple inviting all Gods and other celestials to attend the Brahmotsavam.
Temple officials accompanying the procession invoke Vishvaksena, Anantha, Garuda and Sudarshana, symbolically fetch earth and place it in nine specially decorated earthen pots known as Paalike. Nine cereals (Nava dhaanyam) are sown in them for germination. This ritual, known as Ankuraarpanam, is considered a preparatory offering to the Nithyasuris (celestials) in the temple. Poorna Kumbham is installed in the Yaagashaala, where homas are performed during the festival. Later, Vishvaksena is honored at the Thirumalaraya Mandapam.
Brahmotsavam begins amidst great religious fervor to the recitation of Vedic hymns and traditional Naadaswaram music. In the evening, the processional deity Sri Malayappa Swami and His consorts Sridevi and Bhoodevi are mounted in Golden Tiruchi or Palanquin and taken out in a colorful procession. This is followed by Dwaja Arohanam (flag hoisting). The chief priest hoists the sacred Garuda flag (Garudadwaja) on the Dwajasthambam (flag mast), marking the auspicious start. Every day and night, the Lord with His consorts — or without them on certain days — is taken out in processions on different Vaahanas (vehicles), heralded by Brahma Ratham and followed by decorated horses and elephants amidst Veda ghoshain and Mangala vaaclyain. It is believed that Brahma, the Creator, first initiated this festival. Even today, Brahma, seated in the Ratham, is said to be overseeing the arrangements and ensuring safe conduct of the festival. At the end of the processions, the deities are offered a sacred bath with herbal waters. This ritual is called Snapana Tiruinanjanam.
This 20-day festival begins 10 days
before Vaikunta Ekadashi in the month of Maargaseersh (December-January).
The first 10 days are celebrated as Pahalpaththu and the next 10 days as Raapatththu. Sri Malayappa Swami and His consorts are taken out in processions amidst the chanting of Naalaayira Divya Prabhandam.
it is a five-day purificatory festival conducted in the month of Shravana (June-July). It begins with Shukla Dashami.
English New Year Day
Lakhs of devotees throng the hill shrine to have darshan of the Lord on the New Year Day. The crowds begin even a couple of days before and continue for another two days after January 1.
This is celebrated in the month of Makara
(mid- January) when the Sun enters the Makara Rasi, denoting the beginning
of Uttarayanam (northward journey of the Sun).
Chandramaana Yugadi: This falls on Chaitra Shukla Pratipad (March-April). This is followed by Nityotsavani for 40 days.
Vasantotsavam (Spring festival)
Grishmotsavam (Summer festival), Oonjal Tirunaal (Swing festival), Tiruppalli Odam Tirunaal (Float festival), Pushpa Pallaki, Pushpa Yaagam and Ratha Saptami are among other significant festivals celebrated in the Trumala temple.
During May, the marriage of the Lord with Padmavathi is celebrated.